Fundamentals of Criminology
Adam J. McKee, Ph.D.
Scott D. Bransford, Ph.D.
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BIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF CRIME
Criminological theories stemming from biology and related fields such as medicine enjoyed a period of high regard starting in the late 1800s. The basic assumption of these various early biological theories was that crime was not a result of a rational thinking, but rather it was a result of inborn abnormalities in the criminal. The role of science during this period was to uncover what abnormalities were responsible for what types of criminal behavior. These 19th-century criminologists were called positivists because they used the scientific method and empirical data to facilitate their theorization.
Modification History File Created: 08/04/2018 Last Modified: 08/13/2018
This work is licensed under an Open Educational Resource-Quality Master Source (OER-QMS) License.
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