U.S. Marshals Service | Definition

Doc's CJ Glossary by Adam J. McKee


Course: Introduction / Policing

The mission of the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS) is to enforce federal laws and provide support to virtually all elements of the federal justice system by providing for the security of federal court facilities and the safety of judges and other court personnel.

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is the oldest federal law enforcement agency in the United States. Its mission is to enforce federal laws, protect federal courts and judges, and provide support to other law enforcement agencies. USMS plays a critical role in maintaining law and order in the country by providing security, apprehending fugitives, and transporting prisoners to correctional facilities.

One of the primary responsibilities of the U.S. Marshals Service is apprehending fugitives who have committed federal crimes or are wanted on federal charges. The agency works closely with other law enforcement agencies at the federal, state, and local levels to track down and arrest fugitives. USMS is also responsible for transporting prisoners to and from court appearances, medical appointments, and other authorized destinations.

The USMS provides security to federal courts and judges to ensure the safety of judges, court personnel, and visitors. Marshals are responsible for providing protection to federal witnesses and their families who may be at risk due to their cooperation with law enforcement. They are also responsible for collecting and disbursing funds and other assets that have been forfeited due to criminal activity.

The U.S. Marshals Service has a long history of playing a critical role in protecting the civil rights of Americans. The agency was involved in the integration of schools in the 1960s, providing protection to civil rights activists during the height of the civil rights movement. USMS also provides security to federal facilities, such as nuclear power plants and other critical infrastructure.

The USMS has a highly trained team of Special Operations Group (SOG) officers who are equipped to handle high-risk operations. These officers are trained to provide tactical support to other law enforcement agencies and conduct high-risk fugitive apprehensions, hostage rescue operations, and other specialized missions.

USMS operates in all 94 federal judicial districts and has approximately 3,900 employees. The agency is led by a director who is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The USMS works closely with other federal agencies, such as the FBI, DEA, and ATF, as well as state and local law enforcement agencies.

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Last Modified: 04/10/2023


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