Legal capacity refers to a person’s ability to understand the nature and consequences of their actions and to make decisions for themselves.
In the legal context, legal capacity is an important concept that determines whether an individual is able to enter into contracts, make decisions about their own health care and financial affairs, and engage in other legal transactions.
Legal capacity is generally determined by a person’s age and mental state. For example, in most jurisdictions, children under the age of 18 are not considered to have legal capacity, as they are not considered to be fully capable of understanding the implications of their actions. Similarly, individuals who are incapacitated due to mental illness, disability, or other factors may not have legal capacity to make decisions for themselves.
In some cases, an individual’s legal capacity may be limited or restricted in certain areas, even if they are generally considered to have legal capacity. For example, an individual who is otherwise legally competent may not have the legal capacity to enter into certain types of contracts or to make decisions about certain matters.
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