A frivolous suit is a legal action that is brought without a reasonable basis in law or fact and with little or no chance of success.
A frivolous suit is often considered a waste of the court’s time and resources, and it can impose a significant burden on the parties involved and the justice system as a whole.
A frivolous lawsuit is brought with the intention of harassment, delaying or hindering the legal process, or to impose financial burden on the opposing party. It might be filed with no intention of winning the case but just to cause financial burden on the other party to make them stop a legitimate legal action.
Examples of frivolous lawsuits might include:
Suing for an absurd or illogical amount of money
Suing for a claim that is clearly barred by the statute of limitations
Suing for an action that is clearly protected by a valid immunity
Suing for an action that has no basis in fact
Suing for an action that has no basis in law
The court can take several actions against a frivolous suit, such as dismissing the case, imposing sanctions on the plaintiff or their attorney, or requiring the plaintiff to pay the defendant’s attorney fees. This can be seen as a form of punishment to deter frivolous lawsuits in the future.