criminology | Definition

Doc's CJ Glossary by Adam J. McKee
Course: Criminology

Criminology is the scientific study of crime, including the causes, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior.


It is a multidisciplinary field that draws upon theories and research from various fields, including sociology, psychology, law, economics, and political science.

Criminologists study a wide range of topics related to crime and criminal behavior, including the social and cultural factors that contribute to crime, the psychological and individual-level factors that influence criminal behavior, and the ways in which crime can be prevented and controlled. They use a variety of research methods, such as surveys, experiments, and observational studies, to gather and analyze data on crime and criminal behavior.

The goal of criminology is to understand the nature and causes of crime and develop effective strategies for preventing and controlling crime. Criminologists may work in various settings, including academia, government agencies, law enforcement, and research organizations. Their research and insights can inform the development of criminal justice policies and programs and the design and implementation of crime prevention initiatives.


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Last Modified: 01/09/2023

 

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