court of record | Definition

Doc's CJ Glossary by Adam J. McKee
Course: Courts

A court of record is a court that is authorized to create and maintain a permanent record of its proceedings.

The record of proceedings in a court of record is considered to be an official and accurate account of what took place in the court, and can be used as evidence in future legal proceedings.

In the United States, most courts are considered to be courts of record, including federal and state courts at all levels. This includes trial courts, appellate courts, and the Supreme Court. Some specialized courts, such as probate courts and tax courts, may also be considered courts of record.

Courts of record are distinguished from courts that are not of record, which are also known as courts not of record or inferior courts. These courts do not have the authority to create and maintain a permanent record of their proceedings, and their decisions may not be used as precedent in future cases.

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Last Modified: 01/08/2023


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