Cooperative federalism, also known as marble cake federalism, is a system of government in which power is shared between the federal government and state governments. Under this system, both levels of government have the authority to regulate certain areas and can work together to address issues of mutual concern.
Cooperative federalism is based on the idea that the federal government and state governments can work together to effectively address issues that affect the entire country, while also allowing states to have a degree of autonomy in areas where they have unique needs or concerns. This system is characterized by a high degree of interaction and collaboration between the federal government and state governments.
Examples of cooperative federalism in action include the federal government providing funding to states to support programs such as education or healthcare, and states working with the federal government to implement federal laws and regulations. Cooperative federalism is often contrasted with dual federalism, in which the federal government and state governments have clearly defined and separate spheres of authority.