civil justice | Definition

Doc's CJ Glossary by Adam J. McKee
Course: Introduction

Civil justice refers to the legal system that resolves disputes between individuals or organizations, as opposed to criminal justice, which deals with offenses against the state.

Civil justice is concerned with issues such as contracts, property, personal injury, and civil rights. It involves the resolution of disputes through processes such as negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or litigation in court. Civil justice is intended to provide a fair and orderly process for resolving conflicts and protecting the rights of individuals and organizations. In the civil justice system, plaintiffs bring legal action against defendants in order to seek remedies such as monetary damages, injunctions, or declaratory relief. Civil justice proceedings are generally less formal than criminal proceedings and do not carry the same penalties, such as incarceration or fines.

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Last Modified: 01/08/2023


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