The Chicago School is a school of thought in the field of criminology that originated in the early 20th century at the University of Chicago. The Chicago School is known for its focus on social and environmental factors as the root causes of crime, rather than individual traits or predispositions.
The Chicago School is associated with a number of key concepts and ideas, including:
Differential association: The idea that crime is learned through interactions with others, particularly in small groups.
Anomie: The idea that crime results from a lack of social norms or a breakdown in social bonds.
Social disorganization: The idea that crime is more likely to occur in neighborhoods or communities that are disorganized or lack social control.
Ecological theories: The idea that crime rates are influenced by the physical and social characteristics of neighborhoods or communities.
The Chicago School has had a significant influence on criminological theory and research, and its ideas have been widely studied and debated in the field.