biological school | Definition

biological school

The biological school of criminology is a theoretical perspective that emphasizes the role of biological and genetic factors in shaping criminal behavior. According to this perspective, individuals may be predisposed to criminal behavior due to inherited traits, such as genetics, brain abnormalities, and hormonal imbalances.

Advocates of the biological school of criminology argue that these biological factors can influence an individual’s risk for criminal behavior and can help to explain why some people are more prone to criminal behavior than others. Researchers in this field may study brain function, genetics, and other biological factors in an effort to understand the underlying causes of criminal behavior.

The biological school of criminology is one of several competing theoretical perspectives in the field of criminology and has been the subject of much debate and controversy. Some scholars argue that biological explanations for criminal behavior are reductionistic and do not take into account the complex social, economic, and cultural factors that may also contribute to criminal behavior.

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