Arson is any willful or malicious burning or attempting to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
Source: FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports
Source URL: https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/
This entry refers to the UCR definition of Arson. See also the criminal law definition of Arson (law).
Arson is a criminal offense that involves the intentional or reckless setting of fire to property or structures. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, which is administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), defines arson as any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle, aircraft, personal property of another, or any other type of structure. It is a serious offense that can cause extensive property damage, endanger the lives of others, and result in severe injury or loss of life.
Arson is classified as a property crime, and it is one of the most devastating crimes that can be committed against property. Arsonists often target structures that are unoccupied or abandoned, but they can also target occupied dwellings, public buildings, and vehicles. In some cases, it is committed for financial gains, such as insurance fraud, or to eliminate a business competitor. In other cases, it is committed as a form of revenge, vandalism, or as an act of terrorism.
Arson can be classified into several different categories based on the motivation behind the crime. These categories include incendiary arson, which is committed for financial gain; revenge, which is committed as an act of revenge against a person or business; hate, which is committed as an act of discrimination against a particular group or individual; and terrorist, which is committed to causing fear and disruption.
The UCR Program collects data on arson offenses from law enforcement agencies across the United States. These offenses are classified into two categories: offenses involving structures and offenses involving vehicles. Offenses involving structures include fires that are set to buildings, dwellings, and other structures such as bridges, tunnels, and dams. Offenses involving vehicles include fires that are set to cars, trucks and other types of motor vehicles.
The UCR Program also collects data on the value of property damage caused by arson offenses. This data is used to determine the severity of the offense and to assist in allocating resources for fire investigations and prevention efforts. In addition, the UCR Program collects data on the number of arrests made for arson offenses, which is used to track crime trends and to identify areas where additional resources may be needed to combat arson.
Arson is a serious offense that carries severe penalties, including imprisonment, fines, and restitution for property damage. Arsonists may also be required to register as arson offenders, which can restrict their employment opportunities and place them under close monitoring by law enforcement agencies. In addition to the legal consequences of arson, the emotional and psychological impact of arson can be devastating for victims and their families.
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Last Modified 05/06/2023