appearance | Definition

Doc's CJ Glossary by Adam J. McKee
Course: Courts / Procedural Law

In the context of courts, an appearance refers to a party’s presence in a legal proceeding.

The concept of an appearance is an important one, as it refers to a party’s presence in a legal proceeding. In criminal cases, an appearance is typically required of the defendant, who must appear in court at various stages of the case, including the initial arraignment, pretrial hearings, and the trial itself. Failure to appear can result in serious consequences, such as arrest warrants, fines, and even the revocation of bail.

In a civil case, both the plaintiff and the defendant are typically required to appear in court, although it is also possible for a party to appear through an attorney. The requirement for an appearance in a civil case is often set forth in the summons and complaint that initiates the case. Parties may also be required to appear for depositions, hearings, and other pretrial proceedings.

An appearance may be in person or, in some cases, by video conference or other electronic means. In recent years, many courts have adopted video conferencing technology to allow parties to appear remotely, particularly in cases where the parties are located in different states or countries. This can help to reduce the costs and logistical challenges associated with travel and can make the legal process more accessible to a wider range of individuals.

In addition to referring to a party’s presence in court, an appearance may also refer to the formal filing of documents with the court, such as a complaint or answer. This type of appearance is typically required in order to initiate legal action or respond to one that has been brought against a party. In some cases, a party may also be required to file a notice of appearance, which informs the court and other parties that the individual or organization is participating in the case.

An appearance is an important aspect of the legal process, as it helps to ensure that parties are aware of the proceedings and can participate in the case. It is typically required in order for a court to have jurisdiction over a case, as the court must have the authority to hear and decide legal disputes between parties. In some cases, an appearance may also be required in order to enforce the court’s orders and judgments, such as when a party is required to pay damages or comply with a court-ordered injunction.

[ Glossary ]

Last Modified: 04/03/2023

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.