In the context of courts, an appearance refers to a party’s presence in a legal proceeding.
In a criminal case, an appearance is typically required of the defendant, who must appear in court at various stages of the case, including the initial arraignment, pretrial hearings, and the trial itself. In a civil case, both the plaintiff and the defendant are typically required to appear in court, although it is also possible for a party to appear through an attorney. An appearance may be in person or, in some cases, by video conference or other electronic means. An appearance may also refer to the formal filing of documents with the court, such as a complaint or answer, which initiates a legal action or responds to one that has been brought against a party. An appearance is an important aspect of the legal process and is typically required in order for a court to have jurisdiction over a case.
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