An accessory after the fact is a person who helps another person who has committed a crime to avoid arrest or prosecution.
According to the United States Criminal Code (18 U.S. Code § 3), an accessory after the fact is defined as:
“Whoever, knowing that an offense against the United States has been committed, receives, relieves, comforts or assists the offender in order to hinder or prevent his apprehension, trial or punishment, is an accessory after the fact.”
Under the federal law, the prescribed punishment is:
“an accessory after the fact shall be imprisoned not more than one-half the maximum term of imprisonment or (notwithstanding section 3571) fined not more than one-half the maximum fine prescribed for the punishment of the principal, or both; or if the principal is punishable by life imprisonment or death, the accessory shall be imprisoned not more than 15 years.”
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